General Information About Lombok Island
Lombok is an island in West Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia. It forms part of the chain of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the Lombok Strait separating it from Bali to the west and the Alas Strait between it and Sumbawa to the east. It is roughly circular, with a "tail" (Sekotong Peninsula) to the southwest, about 70 kilometres (43 miles) across and a total area of about 4,514 square kilometres (1,743 square miles). The provincial capital and largest city on the island is Mataram. It is somewhat similar in size and density with neighboring Bali and shares some cultural heritage, but is administratively part of Nusa Tenggara Barat along with sparsely populated Sumbawa. It is surrounded by a number of smaller islands locally called Gili.
The island's topography is dominated by the centrally-located stratovolcano Mount Rinjani, the second highest volcano in Indonesia which rises to 3,726 m (12,224 ft), making Lombok the 8th-highest island. The most recent eruption of Rinjani was in September 2016 at Gunung Barujari. In a 2010 eruption, ash was reported as rising 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) into the atmosphere from the Barujari cone in Rinjani's caldera lake of Segara Anak. Lava flowed into the caldera lake raising its temperature while crops on the slopes of Rinjani were damaged by ash fall. The volcano, and its crater lake, 'Segara Anak' (child of the sea), are protected by the Gunung Rinjani National Park established in 1997
Tourist Destinations in Lombok Island
Lombok Island is the highlight holiday destination of Indonesia’s Nusa Tenggara Province. The island is basically Bali’s next-door neighbour, and serves as a popular island-hopping extension for visitors looking for an additional escape in between or after their Bali visits. Besides being the mainland home of the three popular Gili Islands located just off its north-west coast, Lombok is also known for its colourful Sasak culture, great dive spots, scenic and secluded beaches, beautiful waterfalls and lush forests surrounding its active volcano, Mount Rinjani. In short, a trip to Lombok promises an island paradise experience that combines overland adventures and rugged natural beauty, with a hint of exoticism through its well-preserved traditional arts and host of historical landmarks. Lombok island are complemented by modern accommodation and facilities to ensure you a pleasant stay. Honeymooners and backpackers love Lombok for its more passive island ambiance compared to Bali, and most who have visited admit finding Lombok Island.
Lombok Island Best Destination Holiday
Once you've decided to include the Lombok island in your Bali holiday travel plans. It can be a great opportunity to discover the natural and cultural highlights of one of the most popular island destinations in Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara Islands. This island, half an hour’s flight or about 90 minutes by fast boat or 3 hours by ferry, is often considered to be "how you to get to Lombok island".
Culture and History
The island's indigenous Sasak people are predominantly Muslim however before the arrival of Islam Lombok experienced a long period of Hindu and Buddhist influence that reached the island through Java. A minority Balinese Hindu culture remains in Lombok. Islam may have first been brought to Lombok by traders arriving from Sumbawa in the 17th century who then established a following in eastern Lombok. Other accounts describe the first influences arriving in the first half of the sixteenth century. According to the palm leaf manuscript Babad Lombok which contains the history of Lombok describes how Sunan Prapen was sent by his father The Susuhunan Ratu of Giri on a military expedition to Lombok and Sumbawa in order to convert the population and propagate the new religion. However, the new religion took on a highly syncretistic character, frequently mixing animist and Hindu-Buddhist beliefs and practices with Islam.
Hinduism is followed by ethnic Balinese and by a minority of the indigenous Sasak. All the main Hindu religious ceremonies are celebrated in Lombok and there are many villages throughout Lombok that have a Hindu majority population. According to local legends two of the oldest villages on the island, Bayan and Sembalun, were founded by a prince of Majapahit.
The Nagarakertagama, the 14th century palm leaf poem that was found on Lombok, places the island as one of the vassals of the Majapahit empire. This manuscript contained detailed descriptions of the Majapahit Kingdom and also affirmed the importance of Hindu-Buddhism in the Majapahit empire by describing temple, palaces and several ceremonial observances.
Christianity is practised by a small minority including some ethnic Chinese and immigrants from Bali and East Nusa Tenggara. There are Roman Catholic churches and parishes in Ampenan, Mataram, Praya and Tanjung. There is a catholic hospital in Mataram as well. Two Buddhist temples can be visited in and around Tanjung where about 800 Buddhists live.
Senggigi is the most upbeat and populated area of the island and while still relatively low key when compared to Bali, you can find a number of late-night venues with live music until the early hours and free flowing drinks. Amongst these venues, two worth checking out are the Papaya and Sugar Café.
Mataram is fairly quiet and at night there are a few coffee shops and restaurants open till late, the upside being that most of these venues are free to enter. The Marina Pub is probably the most frequented bar around this area, a good place to meet locals and dance along to the live band.
In recent years the Gili islands have emerged as party locations, where local DJs spin until the early hours on the beaches.
Popular Bars in Lombok
Happy Cafe This is a popular haunt with locals and expatriates who come to enjoy the live entertainment and sushi bar. Drinks are reasonably priced and the international crowd is usually good for creating a friendly atmosphere.( Senggigi, Lombok )
Horizontal Bar and Lounge Perhaps the area's most hip and modern venue, Horizontal bar and Lounge could well be the shape of things to come around here. The sublimely relaxed bar is situated at the north end of the beach on Gili Terawangan, and is a popular sunset and cocktail haunt.( Gili Trawangan, Lombok )
Casa Vintage BeachFacing Bali's Gunung Agung and some superb sunsets, Casa Vintage is the best place to enjoy a sundowner on Trawangan. A brochure-perfect beach is littered with cushions and loungers, trees shelter hammocks and trestles, the Swedish-Jamaican owners do great Caribbean food ( Gili Trawangan, Lombok )
Pura Vida A stylish bamboo bar with huge pillows right on the sand. Classy jazz plays over the sound system, and some nights there's live music. A wood-fired oven produces great thin-crust pizzas through the evening ( Gili Air, Lombok )